FortiOS 6.0 Online Help Link FortiOS 5.6 Online Help Link FortiOS 5.4 Online Help Link FortiOS 5.2 Online Help Link

Setting up VRRP failover

VRRP routers in a VRRP domain periodically send VRRP advertisement messages to all of the routers in the domain to maintain one router as the primary router and the others as backup routers. The primary router is the one with the highest priority. If the backup routers stop receiving these packets from the primary router, the backup router with the highest priority becomes the new primary router.

The primary router stops sending VRRP advertisement messages if it either fails or becomes disconnected. You can also configure VRRP destination addresses that the primary router monitors. If the primary router becomes unable to connect to these destination addresses, it stops sending VRRP advertisement messages and the backup router with the highest priority becomes the primary router. You can add one or two destination addresses to a VRRP configuration. To be most effective, these destination addresses should be remote addresses.

For example, configure IPv4 VRRP on port14 with two destination address:

config system interface

edit port14

config vrrp

edit 12

set vrdst 10.10.10.20 10.20.20.10

end

IPv4 VRRP active failover

You can reduce IPv4 VRRP failover times with the vrdst-priority option. This option causes the primary router to actively signal to the backup routers when the primary router can't reach its configured destination address or addresses. The primary router does this by sending a lower priority for itself in the VRRP advertisement messages. You set this lower priority with the vrdst-priority option. The backup router with the highest priority becomes the new primary router and takes over processing traffic.

The following example configures the primary router to have a priority of 255 so it should always become the primary router. The command also sets vrdst-priority to 10. So if the primary router can no longer connect to its destination address of 10.10.10.1, the primary router informs the VRRP group that its priority is now 10.

config system interface

edit port10

config vrrp

edit 12

set vrip 10.31.101.200

set priority 255

set vrdst 10.10.10.1

set vrdst-priority 10

end

Failover of IPv4 firewall VIPs and IP Pools

FortiOS VRRP supports failover of firewall VIPs and IP Pools when the status of a router changes. This feature introduces a new proxy ARP setting to map VIP and IP Pool address ranges to each router's Virtual MAC (VMAC). After failover, the IP ranges added to the new primary router are routed to the new primary router's VMAC.

Use the following command to add a proxy ARP address range and a single IP address to a router added to a FortiGate`s port5 interface. The address range and single IP address should match the address range or single IP for VIPs or IP pools added to the port5 interface:

config system interface

edit port5

config vrrp

edit 1

config proxy-arp

edit 1

set ip 192.168.62.100-192.168.62.200

next

edit 2

set ip 192.168.62.225

end

Changing the advertisement message interval

By default, VRRP advertisement messages are sent once a second. You can use the adv-interval option to change the frequency of sending these messages. The range is 1 to 255 seconds.

The adv-interval also affects the period a backup VRRP router waits before assuming the primary router has failed. That waiting period is 3 times the adv-interval. For example, if adv-interval is 5, the backup router waits for up to 15 seconds to receive a VRRP advertisement from the current primary router before taking over the role as the primary router.

For example, configure an IPv4 VRRP to send advertisement messages every 10 seconds:

config system interface

edit port14

config vrrp

edit 12

set adv-interval 10

end

 

Changing the VRRP start time

The VRRP start time is the time a backup or priamary VRRP router waits before sending or receiving VRRP advertisements and thus potentially changing state. The main visibility of this timer is when VRRP-monitored interfaces have become up after having previously been down. When this occurs the device will wait for this timer period before considering (and *potentially* changing) its status.

The default startup time is 3 seconds and the range is 1 to 255 seconds.

In some cases the advertisement messages may be delayed. For example, some switches with spanning tree enabled may delay some of the advertisement message packets. If you find that backup routers are attempting to become primary routers even though the primary router hasn't failed, you can extend the start time to make sure the backup routers wait long enough for the advertisement messages.

For example, set the IPv4 VRRP startup time to 10 seconds:

config system interface

edit port14

config vrrp

edit 12

set start-time 10

end