The FortiAP CLI controls radio and network operation through the use of variables manipulated with the cfg command. There are also diagnostic commands.

The cfg command include the following

cfg -s List variables.
cfg -a var=value Add or change a variable value.
cfg -c Commit the change to flash.
cfg -x Reset settings to factory defaults.
cfg -r var Remove variable.
cfg -e Export variables.
cfg -h Display help for all commands.

The configuration variables are:

Var Description and Values
AC_CTL_PORT WiFi Controller control (CAPWAP) port. Default 5246.
AC_DATA_CHAN_SEC Data channel security.

0 - Clear text

1 - DTLS (encrypted)

2 - Accept either DTLS or clear text (default)
AC_DISCOVERY_TYPE 1 - Static. Specify WiFi Controllers

2 - DHCP

3 - DNS

5 - Broadcast

6 - Multicast

0 - Cycle through all of the discovery types until successful.
These variables set the FortiAP unit IP address, netmask and default gateway when ADDR_MODE is STATIC.

Default, gateway
WiFi Controller host names for static discovery.
WiFi Controller IP addresses for static discovery.
AC_DISCOVERY_DHCP_OPTION_CODE Option code for DHCP server. Default 138.
AC_DISCOVERY_MC_ADDR Multicast address for controller discovery. Default
ADDR_MODE How the FortiAP unit obtains its IP address and netmask.

DHCP - FortiGate interface assigns address.


Default is DHCP.
ADMIN_TIMEOUT Administrative timeout in minutes. Applies to Telnet and web-based manager sessions. Default is 5 minutes.

Access to FortiAP web-based manager.

1 - Yes (default)

0 - No


HTTPS administrative access for FortiAP.

1 - Yes (default)

0 - No


SSH administrative access for FortiAP.

1 - Yes (default)

0 - No

ALLOW_TELNET By default (value 0), Telnet access is closed when the FortiAP unit is authorized. Set value to 1 to keep Telnet always available.
AP_MGMT_VLAN_ID Non-zero value applies VLAN ID for unit management. Default: 0.
AP_MODE FortiAP operating mode.

0 - Thin AP (default)

2 - Unmanaged Site Survey mode. See SURVEY variables.
BAUD_RATE Console data rate: 9600, 19200, 38400, 57600, or 115200 baud.
DNS_SERVER DNS Server for clients. If ADDR_MODE is DHCP the DNS server is automatically assigned.
LED_STATE Enable/disable status LEDs.
0 - LEDs enabled, 1 - LEDs disabled, 2 - follow AC setting.
LOGIN_PASSWD Administrator login password. By default this is empty.
STP_MODE Spanning Tree Protocol. 0 is off. 1 is on.

Mode used for

Aggregate - Enables link aggregation

WAN-LAN - Bridges the LAN port to the incoming WAN interface

WTP_LOCATION Optional string describing AP location.
Mesh variables

Enable or disable background mesh root AP scan.

0 - Disabled

1 - Enabled


If the root AP's signal is weak, and lower than the received signal strength indicator (RSSI) threshold, the WiFi driver will immediately start a new round scan and ignore the configured MESH_AP_BGSCAN_PERIOD delays. Set the value between 0-127.

After the new round scan is finished, a scan done event is passed to wtp daemon to trigger roaming.

MESH_AP_BGSCAN_PERIOD Time in seconds that a delay period occurs between scans. Set the value between 1-3600.
MESH_AP_BGSCAN_IDLE Time in milliseconds. Set the value between 0-1000.
MESH_AP_BGSCAN_INTV Time in milliseconds between channel scans. Set the value between 200-16000.
MESH_AP_BGSCAN_DUR Time in milliseconds that the radio will continue scanning the channel. Set the value between 10-200.
MESH_AP_SCANCHANLIST Specify those channels to be scanned.
MESH_AP_TYPE Type of communication for backhaul to controller:

0 - Ethernet (default)

1 - WiFi mesh

2 - Ethernet with mesh backup support
MESH_AP_SSID SSID for mesh backhaul. Default: fortinet.mesh.root
MESH_AP_PASSWD Pre-shared key for mesh backhaul.
MESH_ETH_BRIDGE 1 - Bridge mesh WiFi SSID to FortiAP Ethernet port. This can be used for point-to-point bridge configuration. This is available only when MESH_AP_TYPE =1.

0 - No WiFi-Ethernet bridge (default).
MESH_MAX_HOPS Maximum number of times packets can be passed from node to node on the mesh. Default is 4.
The following factors are summed and the FortiAP associates with the lowest scoring mesh AP.
MESH_SCORE_HOP_WEIGHT  Multiplier for number of mesh hops from root. Default 50.
MESH_SCORE_CHAN_WEIGHT  AP total RSSI multiplier. Default 1.
MESH_SCORE_RATE_WEIGHT  Beacon data rate multiplier. Default 1.
MESH_SCORE_BAND_WEIGHT  Band weight (0 for 2.4GHz, 1 for 5GHz) multiplier. Default 100.
MESH_SCORE_RSSI_WEIGHT  AP channel RSSI multiplier. Default 100.
Survey variables
SURVEY_SSID SSID to broadcast in site survey mode (AP_MODE=2).
SURVEY_TX_POWER Transmitter power in site survey mode (AP_MODE=2).
SURVEY_CH_24 Site survey transmit channel for the 2.4Ghz band (default 6).
SURVEY_CH_50 Site survey transmit channel for the 5Ghz band (default 36).
SURVEY_BEACON_INTV Site survey beacon interval. Default 100msec.

Diagnose commands include:

cw_diag help Display help for all diagnose commands.
cw_diag uptime Show daemon uptime.
cw_diag --tlog <on|off> Turn on/off telnet log message.
cw_diag --clog <on|off> Turn on/off console log message.
cw_diag baudrate [9600 | 19200 | 38400 | 57600 | 115200] Set the console baud rate.
cw_diag plain-ctl [0|1] Show or change current plain control setting.
cw_diag sniff-cfg ip port Set sniff server ip and port.
cw_diag sniff [0|1|2] Enable/disable sniff packet.
cw_diag stats wl_intf Show wl_intf status.
cw_diag admin-timeout [30] Set shell idle timeout in minutes.
cw_diag -c wtp-cfg Show current wtp config parameters in control plane.
cw_diag -c radio-cfg Show current radio config parameters in control plane.
cw_diag -c vap-cfg Show current vaps in control plane.
cw_diag -c ap-rogue Show rogue APs pushed by AC for on-wire scan.
cw_diag -c sta-rogue Show rogue STAs pushed by AC for on-wire scan.
cw_diag -c arp-req Show scanned arp requests.
cw_diag -c ap-scan Show scanned APs.
cw_diag -c sta-scan Show scanned STAs.
cw_diag -c sta-cap Show scanned STA capabilities.
cw_diag -c wids Show scanned WIDS detections.
cw_diag -c darrp Show darrp radio channel.
cw_diag -c mesh Show mesh status.
cw_diag -c mesh-veth-acinfo Show mesh veth ac info, and mesh ether type.
cw_diag -c mesh-veth-vap Show mesh veth vap.
cw_diag -c mesh-veth-host Show mesh veth host.
cw_diag -c mesh-ap Show mesh ap candidates.
cw_diag -c scan-clr-all Flush all scanned AP/STA/ARPs.
cw_diag -c ap-suppress Show suppressed APs.
cw_diag -c sta-deauth De-authenticate an STA.