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Inspection Mode

To control your FortiGate's security profile inspection mode in FortiOS 5.6, you can select Flow-based or Proxy inspection modes from System > Settings. Having control over flow and proxy mode is helpful if you want to ensure that only flow inspection mode is used.

In most cases proxy mode is preferred because more security profile features are available along with more configuration options for these individual features. Some implementations, however, may require all security profile scanning to only use flow mode. In this case, you can set your FortiGate to flow mode knowing that proxy mode inspection will not be used.

Setting up the FortiGate to operate in these new modes (or to operate in the other available operating modes) involves going to System > Settings and changing the Inspection Mode and NGFW Mode.

NGFW mode simplifies applying application control and web filtering to traffic by allowing you to add applications and web filtering profiles directly to policies.

Transparent proxy allows you to apply web authentication to HTTP traffic without using the explicit proxy.

Changing inspection and policy modes

To change inspection modes, go to System > Settings. You can select Flow-based to operate in flow mode or Proxy to operate in proxy mode.

NGFW policy mode

When you select Flow-based as the Inspection Mode, you have the option to select an NGFW Mode. Profile-based mode works the same as flow-based mode did in FortiOS 5.4.

In Policy-based mode, you add applications and web filtering profiles directly to a policy without having to first create and configure Application Control or Web Filtering profiles.

When you change to Flow-based inspection, all proxy mode profiles are converted to flow mode, removing any proxy settings. In addition, proxy-mode only features (for example, Web Application Profile) are removed from the GUI.

If your FortiGate has multiple VDOMs, you can set the inspection mode independently for each VDOM. Go to System > VDOM. Click Edit for the VDOM you wish to change and select the Inspection Mode.

CLI syntax

The following CLI command can be used to configure inspection and policy modes:

config system settings

set inspection-mode {proxy | flow}

set policy-mode {standard | ngfw}

end

Security profile features mapped to inspection mode

The table below lists FortiOS security profile features and shows whether they are available in flow-based or proxy-based inspection modes.

Security Profile Feature Flow-based inspection Proxy-based inspection
AntiVirus x

x

Web Filter x x
DNS Filter x x
Application Control x x
Intrusion Protection x x
Anti-Spam   x
Data Leak Protection   x
VoIP   x
ICAP   x
Web Application Firewall   x
FortiClient Profiles x x
Proxy Options x x
SSL Inspection x x
SSH Inspection   x
Web Rating Overrides x x
Web Profile Overrides   x

From the GUI, you can only configure antivirus and web filter security profiles in proxy mode. From the CLI, you can configure flow-based antivirus profiles, web filter profiles, and DLP profiles and they will appear on the GUI and include their inspection mode setting. Flow-based profiles created when in flow mode are still available when you switch to proxy mode.

In flow mode, antivirus and web filter profiles only include flow-mode features. Web filtering and virus scanning is still done with the same engines and to the same accuracy, but some inspection options are limited or not available in flow mode. Application control, intrusion protection, and FortiClient profiles are not affected when switching between flow and proxy mode.

Even though VoIP profiles are not available from the GUI in flow mode, the FortiGate can process VoIP traffic. In this case the appropriate session helper is used (for example, the SIP session helper).

Setting flow or proxy mode doesn't change the settings available from the CLI. However, when in flow mode you can't save security profiles that are set to proxy mode.

You can also add proxy-only security profiles to firewall policies from the CLI. So, for example, you can add a VoIP profile to a security policy that accepts VoIP traffic. This practice isn't recommended because the setting will not be visible from the GUI.

Proxy mode and flow mode antivirus and web filter profile options

The following tables list the antivirus and web filter profile options available in proxy and flow modes.

Antivirus features in proxy and flow mode

Feature Proxy Flow
Scan Mode (Quick or Full)   x
Detect viruses (Block or Monitor) x x
Inspected protocols x (all relevant protocols are inspected)
Inspection Options x

x

(not available for quick scan mode)

Treat Windows Executables in Email Attachments as Viruses x x
Send Files to FortiSandbox Appliance for Inspection x x
Use FortiSandbox Database x x
Include Mobile Malware Protection x x

Web Filter features in proxy and flow mode

  Feature Proxy Flow
FortiGuard category based filter x

x

(show, allow, monitor, block)

Category Usage Quota x  
Allow users to override blocked categories (on some models) x  
Search Engines
x  
  Enforce 'Safe Search' on Google, Yahoo!, Bing, Yandex x  
Restrict YouTube Access x  
Log all search keywords x  
Static URL Filter x x
  Block invalid URLs x  
URL Filter x x
Block malicious URLs discovered by FortiSandbox x x
Web Content Filter x x
Rating Options x x
  Allow websites when a rating error occurs x x
Rate URLs by domain and IP Address x x
Block HTTP redirects by rating x  
Rate images by URL x  
Proxy Options x  
  Restrict Google account usage to specific domains x  
Provide details for blocked HTTP 4xx and 5xx errors x  
HTTP POST Action x  
Remove Java Applets x  
Remove ActiveX x  
Remove Cookies x  
Filter Per-User Black/White List x