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SIP session helper configuration overview

By default FortiOS uses the SIP ALG for SIP traffic. If you want to use the SIP session helper you need to enter the following command:

config system settings

set default-voip-alg-mode kernel-helper-based


The SIP session helper is set to listen for SIP traffic on TCP or UDP port 5060. SIP sessions using port 5060 accepted by a security policy that does not include a VoIP profile are processed by the SIP session helper.

You can enable and disable the SIP session helper, change the TCP or UDP port that the session helper listens on for SIP traffic, and enable or disable SIP NAT tracing. If the FortiGate is operating with multiple VDOMs, each VDOM can have a different SIP session helper configuration.

To have the SIP session helper process SIP sessions you need to add a security policy that accepts SIP sessions on the configured SIP UDP or TCP ports. The security policies can have service set to ANY, or to the SIP pre-defined firewall service, or a custom firewall service. The SIP pre-defined firewall service restricts the security policy to only accepting sessions on UDP port 5060.

If NAT is enabled for security policies that accept SIP traffic, the SIP session helper translates addresses in SIP headers and in the RDP profile and opens up pinholes as required for the SIP traffic. This includes security policies that perform source NAT and security policies that contain virtual IPs that perform destination NAT and port forwarding. No special SIP configuration is required for this address translation to occur, it is all handled automatically by the SIP session helper according to the NAT configuration of the security policy that accepts the SIP session.

To use the SIP session helper you must not add a VoIP profile to the security policy. If you add a VoIP profile, SIP traffic bypasses the SIP session helper and is processed by the SIP ALG.

note icon In most cases you would want to use the SIP ALG since the SIP session helper provides limited functionality. However, the SIP session helper is available and can be useful for high-performance solutions where a high level of SIP security is not a requirement.