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> Chapter 34 - VoIP Solutions: SIP > SIP messages and media protocols > SIP request messages

SIP request messages

SIP sessions always start with a SIP request message (also just called a SIP request). SIP request messages also establish, maintain, and terminate SIP communication sessions. The following table lists some common SIP request message types.

Common SIP request message types
Message Type Description
INVITE A client sends an INVITE request to invite another client to participate in a multimedia session. The INVITE request body usually contains the description of the session.
ACK The originator of an INVITE message sends an ACK request to confirm that the final response to an INVITE request was received. If the INVITE request did not contain the session description, it must be included in the ACK request.
PRACK In some cases, SIP uses provisional response messages to report on the progress of the response to a SIP request message. The provisional response messages are sent before the final SIP response message. Similar to an ACK request message, a PRACK request message is sent to acknowledge that a provisional response message has been received.
OPTIONS The UA uses OPTIONS messages to get information about the capabilities of a SIP proxy. The SIP proxy server replies with a description of the SIP methods, session description protocols, and message encoding that are supported.
BYE A client sends a BYE request to end a session. A BYE request from either end of the SIP session terminates the session.
CANCEL A client sends a CANCEL request to cancel a previous INVITE request. A CANCEL request has no effect if the SIP server processing the INVITE sends a final response to the INVITE before receiving the CANCEL.
REGISTER A client sends a REGISTER request to a SIP registrar server with information about the current location (IP address and so on) of the client. A SIP registrar server saves the information it receives in REGISTER requests and makes this information available to any SIP client or server attempting to locate the client.
Info For distributing mid-session signaling information along the signaling path for a SIP call. I
Subscribe For requesting the current state and state updates of a remote node.
Notify Informs clients and servers of changes in state in the SIP network.
Refer Refers the recipient (identified by the Request-URI) to a third party according to the contact information in the request.
Update Opens a pinhole for new or updated SDP information.
Response codes (1xx, 202, 2xx, 3xx, 4xx, 5xx, 6xx) Indicates the status of a transaction. For example: 200 OK, 202 Accepted, or 400 Bad Request.