SIP proxy server configuration
A SIP proxy server act as intermediary between SIP phones and between SIP phones (for example, two FortiFones) and other SIP servers. As shown below, SIP phones send request and response messages the SIP proxy server. The proxy server forwards the messages to other clients or to other SIP proxy servers. Proxy servers can hide SIP phones by proxying the signaling messages. To the other users on the VoIP network, the signaling invitations look as if they come from the SIP proxy server.
SIP in proxy mode
A common SIP configuration would include multiple networks of SIP phones. Each of the networks would have its own SIP server. Each SIP server would proxy the communication between phones on its own network and between phones in different networks.