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> Chapter 20 - Networking > Routing Information Protocol (RIP) > RIPng — RIP and IPv6

RIPng — RIP and IPv6

RIP next generation, or RIPng, is the version of RIP that supports IPv6.

This is an example of a typical small network configuration using RIPng routing.

Your internal R&D network is working on a project for a large international telecom company that uses IPv6. For this reason, you have to run IPv6 on your internal network and you have decided to use only IPv6 addresses.

Your network has two FortiGate units running the RIPng dynamic routing protocol. Both FortiGate units are connected to the ISP router and the internal network. This configuration provides some redundancy for the R&D internal network enabling it to reach the Internet at all times.

This section includes the following topics:

Network layout and assumptions

Basic network layout

Your internal R&D network is working on a project for a large international telecom company that uses IPv6. For this reason, you have to run IPv6 on your internal network and you have decided to use only IPv6 addresses.

Your network has two FortiGate units running the RIPng dynamic routing protocol. Both FortiGate units are connected to the ISP router and the internal network. This configuration provides some redundancy for the R&D internal network enabling it to reach the Internet at all times.

All internal computers use RIP routing, so no static routing is required. And all internal computers use IPv6 addresses.

Where possible in this example, the default values will be used or the most general settings. This is intended to provide an easier configuration that will require less troubleshooting.

In this example the routers, networks, interfaces used, and IP addresses are as follows.

RIP example network topology
Network Router Interface & Alias IPv6 address
R&D Router1 port1 (internal) 2002:A0B:6565:0:0:0:0:0
port2 (ISP) 2002:AC14:7865:0:0:0:0:0
Router2 port1 (internal) 2002:A0B:6566:0:0:0:0:0
port2 (ISP) 2002:AC14:7866:0:0:0:0:0
Network topology for the IPV6 RIPng example

Assumptions

The following assumptions have been made concerning this example.

  • All FortiGate units have 5.0 firmware, and are running factory default settings.
  • All CLI and web-based manager navigation assumes the unit is running in NAT/Route operating mode, with VDOMs disabled.
  • All FortiGate units have interfaces labelled port1 and port2 as required.
  • All firewalls have been configured for each FortiGate unit to allow the required traffic to flow across interfaces.
  • All network devices are support IPv6 and are running RIPng.

Configuring the FortiGate units system information

Each FortiGate unit needs IPv6 enabled, a new hostname, and interfaces configured.

To configure system information on Router1 - web-based manager
  1. Go to Dashboard > System Information.
  2. For Host name, select Change.
  3. Enter “Router1”.
  4. Go to System > Feature Select.
  5. In Basic Features, enable IPv6, and select Apply.
  6. Go to Network > Interfaces.
  7. Edit port1 (internal) interface.
  8. Set the following information, and select OK.
Alias internal
IP/Network Mask 2002:A0B:6565::/0
Administrative Access HTTPS SSH PING
Description Internal RnD network
Administrative Status Up
  1. Edit port2 (ISP) interface.
  2. Set the following information, and select OK.
Alias ISP
IP/Network Mask 2002:AC14:7865::/0
Administrative Access HTTPS SSH PING
Description ISP and Internet
Administrative Status Up
To configure system information on Router1 - CLI

config system global

set hostname Router1

set gui-ipv6 enable

end

config system interface

edit port1

set alias internal

set allowaccess https ping ssh

set description “Internal RnD network”

config ipv6

set ip6-address 2002:a0b:6565::/0

end

next

edit port2

set alias ISP

set allowaccess https ping ssh

set description “ISP and Internet”

config ipv6

set ip6-address 2002:AC14:7865::

end

end

To configure system information on Router2 - web-based manager
  1. Go to Dashboard > System Information.
  2. For Host name, select Change.
  3. Enter “Router2”.
  4. Go to System > Feature Select.
  5. In Basic Features, enable IPv6, and select Apply.
  6. Go to Network > Interfaces.
  7. Edit port1 (internal) interface.
  8. Set the following information, and select OK.
Alias internal
IP/Network Mask 2002:A0B:6566::/0
Administrative Access HTTPS SSH PING
Description Internal RnD network
Administrative Status Up
  1. Edit port2 (ISP) interface.
  2. Set the following information, and select OK.
Alias ISP
IP/Network Mask 2002:AC14:7866::/0
Administrative Access HTTPS SSH PING
Description ISP and Internet
Administrative Status Up
To configure system information on Router2 - CLI

config system global

set hostname Router2

set gui-ipv6 enable

end

config system interface

edit port1

set alias internal

set allowaccess https ping ssh

set description “Internal RnD network”

config ipv6

set ip6-address 2002:a0b:6566::/0

end

next

edit port2

set alias ISP

set allowaccess https ping ssh

set description “ISP and Internet”

config ipv6

set ip6-address 2002:AC14:7866::

end

end

Configuring RIPng on FortiGate units

Now that the interfaces are configured, you can configure RIPng on the FortiGate units.

There are only two networks and two interfaces to include — the internal network, and the ISP network. There is no redistribution, and no authentication. In RIPng there is no specific command to include a subnet in the RIP broadcasts. There is also no information required for the interfaces beyond including their name.

As this is a CLI only configuration, configure the ISP router and the other FortiGate unit as neighbors. This was not part of the previous example as this feature is not offered in the web-based manager. Declaring neighbors in the configuration like this will reduce the discovery traffic when the routers start up.

Since RIPng is not supported in the web-based manager, this section will only be entered in the CLI.

To configure RIPng on Router1 - CLI

config router ripng

config interface

edit port1

next

edit port2

end

config neighbor

edit 1

set interface port1

set ipv6 2002:a0b:6566::/0

next

edit 2

set interface port2

set ipv6 2002:AC14:7805::/0

end

To configure RIPng on Router2 - CLI

config router ripng

config interface

edit port1

next

edit port2

end

config neighbor

edit 1

set interface port1

set ipv6 2002:a0b:6565::/0

next

edit 2

set interface port2

set ipv6 2002:AC14:7805::/0

end

Configuring other network devices

The other devices on the internal network all support IPv6, and are running RIPng where applicable. They only need to know the internal interface network addresses of the FortiGate units.

The ISP routers need to know the FortiGate unit information such as IPv6 addresses.

Testing the configuration

In addition to normal testing of your network configuration, you must also test the IPv6 part of this example.

For troubleshooting problems with your network, see the FortiOS Handbook Troubleshooting chapter.

For troubleshooting problems with RIP, see RIPng — RIP and IPv6.

Testing the IPv6 RIPng information

There are some commands to use when checking that your RIPng information is correct on your network. These are useful to check on your RIPng FortiGate units on your network. Comparing the output between devices will help you understand your network better, and also track down any problems.

diagnose ipv6 address list

 

View the local scope IPv6 addresses used as next-hops by RIPng on the FortiGate unit.

diagnose ipv6 route list

 

View ipv6 addresses that are installed in the routing table.

get router info6 routing-table

 

View the routing table. This information is almost the same as the previous command (diagnose ipv6 route list) however it is presented in an easier to read format.

get router info6 rip interface external

 

View brief output on the RIP information for the interface listed. The information includes if the interface is up or down, what routing protocol is being used, and whether passive interface or split horizon are enabled.

get router info6 neighbor-cache list

 

View the IPv6/MAC address mapping. This also displays the interface index and name associated with the address.